The Laboratory is a 3x2 Support room unlocked at level three. It's quite important as when it's onboard the player's ship, he/she can research various technologies to further improve their ship. The player can also research upgrades to their existing Missiles, Crafts, Androids, and Ion Cores. The Laboratory cannot be removed from the player's ship once research has started.
Click here to learn more about the researches available for Starships.
Click here to learn more about the researches available for Starbases.